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Habituals constitute a complicated grammatical category as it operates at the borderline of aspect and modality. One aspect of habituality that has not been explored in detail is the idea that it may be relevant at different layers of grammatical organization. The research group will explore this idea by comparing data from a range of different languages.

Key objectives

This research group will explore the idea that habitual expressions may:

  1. characterize types of events or states that involve repetition;
  2. characterize a specific, individual event or state as habitually recurring;
  3. characterize a set of different events of states (e.g. with varying participants) as habitual; and
  4. characterize a proposition as universally valid.

By including the latter use, the project includes genericity within its scope.


The group meets every two weeks, which are dedicated to presentation and discussion of typological data, hypotheses, and discussion of draft versions of the joint major article that is envisaged as the deliverable of this group's activities.

Coordinator and group members

Hongmei Fang, Egbert Fortuin (University of Leiden), René Genis, Riccardo Giomi, Sune Gregersen (University of Copenhagen), Kees Hengeveld (coordinator), Lois Kemp, Paula Kyselica, Ezra La Roi (Ghent University), Hella Olbertz, Ewa Zakrzewska.