prof. dr. Leonie Cornips, University of Maastricht and Meertens Institute KNAW
Cité Duits, a polyethnic miners' variety
Leonie Cornips is the guest speaker at this ACLC seminar, the title and abstract of this lecture are now available.
In the late 1930s and 1940s, locally born children of immigrant coal miners in Tuinwijk, a neighbourhood in the village Eisden in the Belgian Limburg, developed a way of speaking among themselves which they later labelled Cité Duits. Having become coal miners themselves, they continued to use Cité Duits as an in-group language throughout their lives when working underground as well as in their private lives. We will show that from a linguistic perspective Cité Duits is a hybrid variety resulting from combining elements of German, Belgian Dutch and the Maasland dialect spoken in Belgian Limburg through focusing and sedimentation. We argue that Cité Duits developed and continues to be employed as a symbolic language for expressing group identity.
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