Functional Discourse Grammar
- prof. dr. Kees Hengeveld
Functional Discourse Grammar (FDG) is a new version of Functional Grammar (FG) (Dik 1997). It models the grammatical competence of individual language users as part of a larger model of the language use. It is envisaged as the grammatical component, alongside a conceptual, a contextual, and an output component, of a larger model of the language user. FDG models are characterized by five properties:
- FDG models the grammatical competence of individual language users;
- FDG takes the discourse act as its basic unit of analysis;
- FDG distinguishes an interpersonal, a representational, a structural, and a phonological level of linguistic organisation;
- FDG orders these levels in a top-down fashion;
- FDG structures each of the levels of linguistic organization being organised hierarchically.
By organizing the grammar in this way, FDG takes the functional approach to language to its logical extreme: within the top-down organization of the grammar, pragmatics governs semantics, pragmatics and semantics govern morphosyntax, and pragmatics, semantics and morphosyntax govern phonology. The development of the model itself draws on the analysis of three types of data, which represent various angles as represented in the ACLC Language Blueprint research program: description of individual languages, typological research and language contact studies.
Current Research projects
- A functional analysis of Bohairic Coptic narratives (Zakrzewska)
- A grammar of Cofán (Hengeveld)
- Evidentiality in FDG (Kemp, Hengeveld, Olbertz)
- Grammaticalization in FDG (Hengeveld, Honselaar, Olbertz)
- Incorporation (Olthof, Don, Hengeveld)
Sentence-final particles in Mandarin (Fang, Hengeveld)